Masters Programmes

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Master of Science Degree in Plant Pathology

{tab=Introduction}Plant pathology is an interdisciplinary science that aims to train professionals who specialize in plant health as much as physicians specialize in human health or veterinarians animal health. Plant diseases cause loss of billions of Shillings worth of crops and forests yearly worldwide. Clearly plant diseases do have a significant impact in human welfare worldwide. This calls for the need to train a cadre of qualified scientists to handle these challenges. These professionals will study plant diseases with the goal of keeping plants healthy and thereby reducing the impact of plant diseases on the plants that maintain mankind.JustificationKeeping plants healthy requires an understanding of the organisms and agents that cause disease, their management as well as how plants grow and are affected by disease. The courses to be offered in this programme include Mycology, Bacteriology, Nematology, Virology, and abiotic plant disease causal agents. Kenya?s economy being agriculture-based requires more trained plant pathologists to deal with the problem of perennial food deficits and to realize the vision 2030. It is in pursuit of this, that this programme will endeavour to produce graduates able to work in agricultural consulting firms, agrichemical companies, seed and plant product companies, plant disease diagnostic laboratories, Botanical gardens and arboreta, Biotechnology firms, Forestry Departments, public policy organizations and serve in private practice. In addition, the graduates can also be engaged in research and teaching in Colleges and Universities, National/International Agricultural research institutes, Ministry of Agriculture and in other private and non-governmental organizations.{tab= Objectives}ObjectivesThe programme is designed to train and produce skilled plant pathologists needed to preserve plant health, preserve the environment, invent new ways to control plant diseases and ensure adequate food supply. Further, the course will produce plant pathologists able to provide consultancy, extension and teaching in academic institutions. In the long term perspective, an important goal shall be to produce a cadre of qualified scientists to tackle the multitude challenging problems of sustainable food production worldwide.{tab=Admission}Admission RequirementsThe common rules and regulations for all Masters degree programmes specified in Egerton University Statutes shall apply.(a) Candidates intending to register for the degree of Master of Science in Plant pathology will be required to have at least upper second class honours bachelors degree or its equivalent in Biological Sciences, Agriculture or related fields from Egerton University or any other recognised University.(b) In exceptional cases, non-holders of upper second class honours degree may be admitted, provided such candidates can, on the basis of research and academic work they have done, show that they are well qualified to undertake a postgraduate work by passing qualifying examinations.{tab=Course Details}Course Structure and DurationThe course shall be administered by coursework, examination and thesis. The first year of study shall be devoted to coursework, consisting of lectures and seminars. In addition, students will be required to take at least one relevant optional unit as indicated. Practicals and fieldwork will be included as appropriate. During the second year of study, students will carry out a research and write a thesis in a specific areas of interest, under the guidance of the University approved supervisor(s). Duration of StudyThe programme shall extend for a minimum period of 18 months and maximum of 36 months for full time students and a maximum of 48 months for part time students.{tab=Exams} ExaminationsThe common rules and regulations for examinations of Masters degree programmes of Egerton University shall apply.Each course shall be examined by a three-hour paper at the end of the semester in which it is taught. The continuous assessment tests for course work and end of semester examinations shall account for 40% and 60% respectively.(a) The pass mark which must include continuous assessment shall be 50%, a Grade C in all courses attempted by the candidate. However, a candidate shall be expected to maintain a grade B average throughout the coursework to be allowed to proceed with studies.(b) Seminars and courses that are purely practical in nature shall be assessed entirely by continuous assessment.(c) A candidate who fails in more than 25% of the total CFs taken in an academic year shall be discontinued. However, if candidate fails in less than 25% of the total CFs taken in an academic year she/he shall be required to resit the examinations in each paper failed. A candidate will be awarded grade ?C in all courses passed during resit examination.(d) A candidate who fails a resit examination and does not maintain a ?B? average shall be discontinued.GradingLetter grades for marks awarded in examinations shall be:A 70% and above Very GoodB 60% to 69% GoodC 50% to 59% PassF 49% and below FailCourse CodingThe course codes used are:BOTA stands for ?BOTANY? followed by 3 digits.Digit 1, indicates the year of study or level of the courseDigit 2, indicates the nature of sub-discipline of the course within the disciplineLevel 0 - Introductory coursesLevel 1 - Advanced coursesDigit 3, indicates the serial number of individual courses within a particular sub-discipline within the discipline.Submission and Examination of ThesisA candidate shall be expected to satisfy the Board of Examiners with regard to the thesis as stipulated in the Egerton University common rules and regulations governing Masters Degree Programmes.{/tabs}

Msc Environmental Science

{tab=Introduction}Some of the Kenyas most pressing environmental problems include loss of biodiversity; destruction of water catchments; high pressure on energy resources; pollution of atmosphere, soil and water resources and deterioration of the social environment, including human settlement and workplace. Given these environmental problems, there is need to develop professional and research capabilities in all major areas of environment which are of local, national and regional significance. This will contribute to the resolution of national environmental issues by producing professionals equipped with knowledge, awareness, understanding, skills and concern for the environment, so as to incorporate environmental considerations in all national development strategies and plans.{tab=Justification}For many centuries, humans have continued to draw all the support resources from the environment. In most cases, the by-products of the resources used are dumped in the environment. In addition, there is lack of sustainable resource use. This has brought about a myriad of environmental challenges which are of local, regional and global concern. There is need therefore to train environmental custodians at all levels. This programme is designed to help students appreciate the concerns for the environment and equip students with skills for mitigating and/or solving both local and global environmental problems.
{tab=Objectives}
1. Develop Environmental Science Department at Egerton University into a recognized center of excellence in environmental research and training.2. Develop Professional and Research capabilities in major areas of environment.3. Develop Mid-Career professionals in various fields in maintaining environmental integrity in relation to human development.4. Produce graduates grounded in their areas of specialization yet more holistic in their approach to environmental issues.
{tab=Admissions}Applicants should be holders of B.Sc in Environmental Science, or related disciplines with a minimum of Second Class Honours (upper division) from Egerton University or any other recognized University. Under special circumstances and based on other University requirements, candidates with Second Class Honours (lower division) shall be considered.Programme Duration
The M.Sc programme will extend for a minimum period of 18 months and a maximum of 36 months of which the first 12 months must be spent in the University. The rest of the period will be spent on thesis researchCourse Loading
At least forty-five (45) credit factors (CF) of graduate work are required for the award of Master of Science in Environmental Science. This includes 15 C.F for thesis, and 16 C.F. of core courses. The rest are required through elective courses.Examination And Grading
Examination shall consist of continuous assessment tests (CATs), field reports and laboratory work where appropriate. These shall account for 40% of the final grade. The end of semester examination shall account for 60% of the final grade. The examination may be either written, practical, oral or a combination of all, depending on the nature of the course. All examination shall be moderated internally and externally. Graduate courses shall be graded as follows:70% and above -A = Very Good60% - 69% -B = Good50% - 59% -C = Average49% and below -F = Fail -I = Incomplete -K = Course in Progress -CR = Credit Transfer -AU = Audit -P = PassThe passing grade shall be ?B? in all courses taken by a candidate. A candidate shall be required to maintain a minimum average of a ?B? grade in course work in order to continue with the programme. To be able to graduate, the candidate must have an accumulated average of grade ?B?.Thesis
All candidates shall conduct independent research, with the direction of a subject specialist, write and submit a thesis, in partial fulfilment for Master of Science in Environmental Science. The thesis shall be awarded grade ?P? if accepted or ?F? if it is not. The regulations of the Board of Post Graduate Studies shall apply in the Submission and examination of theses.Course CodingGraduate courses leading to the degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science shall be coded ENSC. Course numbers shall consist of three digits and serialized from 700 and above. Courses offered in other departments shall retain their respective coding. Schedule of CoursesAll candidates are required to take all core courses and at least 14 credit factors. {tab=Coures Description}ENSC 700: Ecology and the Environment Ecological implications of human interactions with key ecosystems in Kenya, namely Savannah and Tropical rain Forests. Influence of human interactions on water and air quality. Constraints to rehabilitation of ecosystems. Desertification and ecological degradation.ENSC 701: Environment and Development Economic order, north ? south relationship, concepts of development and underdevelopment, international resources, industrialization and trade in potentially toxic substances, species and biodiversity conservation, genetic engineering; energy usage, and resources for development, human resources. Human settlement and urbanization.ENSC 702: Environmental Policy and Advocacy An examination in the way the institutions and individuals play their roles in the outcome of selected environmental issues. A study of political processes at work in Kenya which shape the environmental decision making. Examination of environmental advocacy groups, NGOs and international organisations. Examination of view points, and interaction with guest speakers on various environmental issues.ENSC 703: Research Methods I Scientific theories, what research and research tools. Methods applicable to research on natural resources. Design and analysis of experiments in Natural Resources Research; problems inherent in research. Project management and publication. ENSC 704: Environmental Pollution and Management An introduction to air, water and soil pollution. Air pollution and its effects; acid rain formation, the global warming phenomenon, the ozone layer depletion. Gaseous emission from combustion of petroleum fuels. Particulates, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC). Lead in petroleum and its potential hazards. Emission control measures, catalytic converters. Alternative or renewable sources of fuel. Environmental pollution associated with agriculture and industry. Solid and liquid waste disposal methods. Hazardous waste disposal. Introduction to analytical techniques for the assessment and evaluation of environmental pollution.ENSC 705: Environmental Impact Assessment Techniques of comparing and assessing outcomes of various activities such as agriculture, urbanization, economic and industrial projects and their impacts to the environment ; mitigation of environmental damage, environmental costing.ENSC 706: Principles of Environmental Law An introduction to environmental law. Legal methods available to resolve environemental problems and the scope and limitations of these methods. Limits of litigation. Examination of the existing environmental legislations in the statutes. Harmonization of environmental Acts, alternative and implementable environmental law.ENSC 707: Research Methods II Data analysis tools, Statistical concepts and applications; why use statistics; variability in data; variables; statistical distributions; statistical tests; descriptive statistics; Student?s t ? test; the paired t ? test; mann ? whitney U ? test; Wilcoxon signed ? Rank test; ANOVA; Multiple comparison tests; kruskal ? wallis test; Correlation and Regression; Chi ? square test; Application of statistical software packages. Report writing and presentation.ENSC 708: Environmental Hazards and Waste Management Natural and human induced hazards, floods, drought, lightening, land slides, earthquakes, etc. their identification, measurement and estimation, social and economic damage. National preparedness and management; solid and liquid waste management with examples.ENSC 709: Resource Use Conflicts and Resolution Social processes and problems associated with public and communal natural resources development, use and management; Group dynamics and leadership; Power structure, interests group, elites, and pluralism, conflict bargaining, mitigation and conflict resolution; public relations; public opinion and public resolutions; public involvement in organization decision making; Group techniques for public involvement in development. ENSC 710: Environmental Economics Application of economics to the environmental problems of pollution and resource depletion/ degradation. Natural resource accounting
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M.Sc in Animal Nutrition

{tab=Introduction}Masters of Science Degree in Animal Nutrition is a programme to build capacity in the application of science and technology in feed processing, feed formulation and dietary manipulation to influence product quality, health status and nutrient losses to the environment.  It is designed to adequately respond to the changing situation in livestock industry towards multi-objective approach to animal feeding to satisfy animal nutritional requirements as well as the objectives of farmers, millers, public authorities, environmentalists and consumers.  The MSc in Animal Nutrition consists of course work, research and writing a thesis.  The coursework covers advanced aspects of Animal Nutrition, Physiology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Biometrics and Research techniques in Animal Nutrition.{tab=Justification}Continued growth of livestock industry requires realising improved sustainable productivity that balances maximum animal response to nutrients with the multiple-objectives of major stakeholders in decision making process within the livestock industry.  The MSc programme in Animal Nutrition develops highly knowledgeable and skilled professionals in the application of scientific principles and new technologies in animal feed processing, feed formulation and dietary manipulation with a balance between maximum animal response to nutrients and stakeholders? multiple-objectives. The graduates of this programme are highly trained technologists and scientists for the animal feed industry, research, livestock farm enterprises and policy making.{tab=Objectives}The course is designed to provide a comprehensive and well-integrated program in advanced animal nutrition practice, research and training.  The graduate should be able to design and execute research work aimed at generating new information and technologies in Animal Nutrition to improve livestock production efficiency and make appropriate decisions on sustainable utilization of available feed resources based on sound scientific knowledge.{tab=Admision Regulations}4.1    The common regulations for the Master's degree in all Faculties as specified in statutes of Egerton University shall be applicable.4.2    The course shall be open to holders of BSc degree with an upper second class or an equivalent grade in: Animal Production, Agriculture, Range Management, Veterinary Medicine, and any other degree programme deemed relevant by the Department of Animal Sciences from institutions recognized by the Egerton University Senate.4.3    A candidate with lower second class and relevant experience and scientific publications in refereed journals may be recommended for admission.4.4    In certain situations, the candidate may be required to take some prescribed undergraduate courses in which a pass with a B grade shall be a requirement for granting admission.5.0    Loading and Duration of Study 5.1    The programme shall extend for a period of not less than 18 months and not more than 36 months from the date of registration.5.2    The programme consists of course work, research and a thesis.5.3    The minimum load requirement for a qualifying candidate is a total of 45 credit factors, of which 15 are from thesis and the rest coursework.  One credit factor shall constitute 15 lecture hours or 30 practical hours.6.0    Research Writing, Submission of Thesis and ExaminationEach candidate will be required to pursue an original research under the supervision of a member of Egerton University academic staff and any other person recommended by the Faculty of Agriculture and approved by the Senate.  The supervision of research, thesis writing, submission and examination shall be governed by the Egerton University Regulations as stipulated in the University statutes and Schedule on Masters Degree Programme.{tab=Course Details}The courses are coded as follows: the code ANSC refers to the Department of Animal Sciences, the first digit 7 represents the MSc degree programme; the second digit represents the different subject matter or specialisation area as follows:1.    Foundational courses2.    Nutrition specialisation3.    Breeding and Genetics specialisation4.    Livestock Production Systems specialisation Thesis when followed with 9 (ANSC 799).8.0    ExaminationAll examinations for the programme will be conducted in accordance with the examination regulations as stipulated in the Statute of Egerton University.{/tabs}

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