Environmental Science

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Student Research

1.      Gwako, Alice Bitengo: Assessment of The Extent of Land Degradation in The River Loboi Watershed of Baringo County, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)2.       Kitheka Anna Ndinda : Assessment of Environmental Risk Factors Predisposed to Children Below Five Years in Naivasha Daycare Centres, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)3.       Gatagwu Joel Kareithi: Implication of Heavy Metals Dynamics in Sedimentpore-Water Interface on Benthic Macro Invertebrates’ Assemblage in Makupa Creek, Mombasa, Kenya. . (Msc, Egerton)4.      Nyakwara Agnes Zilpher: Assessment of Gender Roles in Oil Production and their Potential Environmental Impact in Lare Division, Nakuru County, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)5.      Olilo C.O: Influence of Grassed Vegetation Filter strips in the Control of Escherichia coli in Surface and ground Water Systems. (PhD, Egerton)6.      Kilonzi Cyrus Muthui: Applicability of Inactivated Ecological Sanitation Products in Agriculture in Nakuru, Kenya. (PhD, Egerton) 7.       Kariuki Catherine W.: Isolation and Characterization of Soil Bacteria, Capable of Degrading Metribuzin Herbicide, Used in Sugarcane Farms of Western Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)8.       Muchukuri Kennedy Ichung’wa: Influence of Anthropogenic Activities on Ground and Surface Water Quality in Subukia Town, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)9.       Kibitok Nicholas Kipchumba: Assessment of Spatial Variations in Physio-Chemical and Nutrient Loads in the Upper Catchment of Molo River in Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)10.   Ongon’g Richard Oruko: To Assess the Effectiveness of Tannery Based Solid Wastes Management in Aziz Tanneries Limited in Njiru Nairobi County, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)11.   Moseti, Yvonne Kemuma: Water Supply And Sanitation Situation In Naivasha Municipality, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)12.   Yakub M. Dahiye: Ecological and Social Consequences of Refugee Settlement in Dadaab division of North Eastern Kenya; . (PhD, Egerton)13.   Kitonga L. M: Nitrogen balance and groundwater nitrate contamination: comparison among three cropping systems in Ainabkoi division, Uasin Gishu District, Kenya. (PhD, Egerton)14.  Karani Lucy: Evaluation of Factors Influencing Pesticide Handling Practices among Wheat Farmers in Mau Division, Narok County, Kenya. (Msc, Egerton)15.   Richard Kipsang Rop M.Sc. Research Proposal entitled: Impact of Anthropogenic Activities on Bacteriological Water Quality of Nyangores River, Mara Basin-Kenya (Msc, Egerton).16.   Robinson M. Njuki M.Sc. Research Proposal entitled: An evaluation of the Management Practices in the Conservation and Protection of the Mara Basin, (Msc, Egerton)17.   Brian Rotich Kanyongi M.Sc. Research Proposal entitled: Effects of forest use conflicts on conservation in Kabolet forest, Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya (Msc, Egerton) 18.   Elly Y. Erukulem M.Sc. Research Proposal entitled: An Assessment of Climate Change Impacts On Smallholder Communities in Northern Kenya: Implications for Livelihood in Chepareria Division, Pokot County (Msc, Egerton). Odongo A. O. Heavy Metals and Parasitic Geohelminths Exposure among Geophagic Pregnant Women in Nakuru Municipality. (Msc, Egerton) 20.   Mbuthia J.W.  An Assessment of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Tissues of Commercialy Exploited Fish. (Msc, Egerton) Ongoing research in department1.      Moturi W. N. Principal Investigator, Factors and Health Risks of Geophagia in Pregnant Women in Nakuru County, Kenya. Funded by Egerton University. The project is being undertaken in Collaboration with the Departments of Environmental Science and Human Nutrition, Egerton University (2013 – 2014). Ogendi. G. M. principal Investigator, Heavy Metal Concentrations in Tissues of Commercialy Exploited Fish (Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis, Protopterus aethiopicus, Clarias gariepinus) in Lake Baringo, Kenya (2013-2014).

Dr. Paul Mutua Makenzi, PhD

Dr. Paul Mutua Makenzi, PhD
Senior Lecturer and Chairman- UNESCO-AfriMAB and Kenya MAB Committee
Faculty of Environment and Resources Development,
Department of Environmental Science,
Egerton University
P. O. Box 422, 20115 Egerton, Kenya
Mobile: +254 - 724 675 219
Email: pmakenzi@yahoo.com or bmakeben@gmail.com



Ph.D Environmental Studies

Moi University (S.E.S), Kenya


Msc Agriculture (Forest Engineering)

St. Petersburg Forest Academy -USSR


Bsc. Botany/zoology

Nairobi University, Kenya


Human Ecology; Community Based NRM; Participatory Forest Management.



Senior Lecturer, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University,

1990- 2012

Lecturer, Departments of Natural resources and Environmental Science, Egerton University


Agroforestry Manager- Kenya Renewable Energy Development- MOE/Energy Development International(EDI)


Assistant Conservator of Forests/Instructor Kenya Forest College- Londian



Chairman- UNESCO- AfriMAB regional World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR),

2006 to present

Chairman- Kenya national Commission for UNESCO Science Program and National MAB committee


Chairman- IUCN;s Sustainable Use Network for Eastern Africa

1997 to present

Member- IUCN’s commission for Education and communication.


2013 to present

Indigenous Knowledge in Biodiversity Conservation in Mau Complex – MS Kenya/FAN


Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Indigenous Communities in Rift Valley: case of Okiek, Turgens of Baringo county and Batwa (pygymy) of SW Uganda.. ACCFP/Egerton University

2012 to present -

Payment for Ecosystems Services in conservation of Lake Naivasha Catchment- CARE Intl./WWF


CBNRM- in Nakuru and Mau Complex. Funded by Ms-Kenya through FAN.


Collaborative Resources Management and Planning (COREMAP) in South Sudan. Funded by (NORAD/NPA



Makenzi P.M. et al.; 2013. Market Chain Analysis of Gum Arabic Trade in Kenya. In Journal of Land Degradation and Development, Vol.--Ldd-11-0166, 2011.


Makenzi P.M. et al., 2012. Traditonal Ecological Knowledge Associated with Acacia senegal (Gum arabic tree) Management and Gum arabic Production in Northern Kenya . In International Journal of Forestry Review vol. 12 (3), 2010


Makenzi P.M, Mwirigi J., et al., 2009. Socio-Economic Constraints to Adoption and Sustainability of Biogas technology by Farmers in Nakuru Districts, Kenya. In International Journal of Energy for Sustainable Development, (2009): doi: 10:1016/j.esd 2009.05.002


Makenzi et al., 2010. Gum Arabic yield in different varieties of Acacia Senegal (l) Wild in Kenya. In African Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 3 (11), pp 263-276, 2009, http://www:academicjournals.org/ajps. ISSN1996-0824@2009


Makenzi P.M. et al,. 2009. Implications of Biomas Energy Use by Households and Institutions in Nakuru Muniucipality. In the proceedings of the Sumawa Mau Forest Complex conference , 27-29 April, 2009, Egerton University , Kenya .pp 112- 121.


Makenzi P.M. and Akonga J.J. 2008. Indigenous Knowledge Systems for the Integrity of the Commons: the case of Baringo District, Kenya. In Moi University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 2005.pp.69-75.


Makenzi P.M. et al,. 2009. Implications of Biomas Energy Use by Households and Institutions in Nakuru Muniucipality. In the proceedings of the Sumawa Mau Forest Complex conference , 27-29 April, 2009, Egerton University , Kenya .pp 112- 121


Makenzi P.M, 2005. Natural Resources Management in the Didinga Hills: A Baseline Survey of Budi County, South Sudan. Published by the Drylands coordination group, Miljohuset G9, Oslo, Norway. On the Internet: ttp://www.drylands-group.org


Makenzi, P.M., 1997. Trees in land use systems: An East African Perspective Farmer-Initiated research and Extension. In: International Conference on Creativity and Innovation at Grassroots for Sustainable Natural Resources Management. January 11-14, Indian Institute for Management in agriculture, Ahmedabad, India, 174pp.


Makenzi, P.M, and Inoti, S.K. 1992. Utilization and Conservation of Wood as a Form of Biomass Energy for Sustainable Development in Kenya. In: The Kenya Society for agricultural Engineers Annual Conference.- Engineering for Sustainable Development. JKUAT, Nairobi.


Makenzi P.M. et al, 2004. Community Based Resources Management Project (COREMAP) training in Akot, South Sudan. Technical report prepared for NORAD/NPA, Oslo, Norway


CBNRM and PFM; Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit; ; Human Ecology and Climate Change.


Dr Moses Esilaba, PhD

Dr Moses Esilaba, PhD
Department of Environmental Science,
Faculty of Environment and Resource Development,
Egerton University.
P.O. Box 536, 20115 EGERTON, KENYA
Cell: (+254)733378594
Email: esilabam@yahoo.com




Ph.D., Environmental Science

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.


M.Sc. in Natural Resources Management

Egerton University, Kenya.


B.Sc. . in Natural Resources Management

Egerton University, Kenya


Diploma in Ranch Management

Egerton College (Now Egerton University)


Biodiversity conservation


MAY 2015

Senior Lecturer Department of Environmental Science

May 2015

Member of Faculty post graduate committee

May 2013

Appointed Team Member for the implementation of ISO 14001 (EMS)


Appointed the coordinator of Environmental Impact Assessment training course in the Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University

March-April 2012

Short listing Panel member for the Long Term Awards Australian Awards for Africa


Faculty Representative to Board of Graduate School, Egerton University

Oct. 2010-April 2015

Lecturer Department of Environmental Science


Assistant lecturer,, Department of Environmental Science,  Egerton University


Senior technician,  Egerton University


Technical Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kenya



Wildlife-Livestock interaction in Semi-arid lands in Kenya-sponsored by Egerton University-University of the Witwatersrand. PhD


Resource Use Conflict Resolution among Samburu Pastoral Communities, Kenya, funded by PARIMA of Global Livestock Collaborative Project-Msc



IPMforCDN: Interdisciplinarity, Participation And Modeling for wildlife Conservation and Rural Development around Nairobi National Park, Kenya


May, 1989

Participated in training workshop on Multipurpose trees and shrubs Germplasm collection

June, 1998

Participated in First Biannual Workshop on Pastoral Risk Management (PARIMA), by GL-CRSP, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

June 1999

Trained in Participatory Rural Appraisal (P.R.A).

July 1999:

Participated in Research Seminar on “Impacts of Project Food Aid on Production and Nutrition.

June 2001

Participated in Second Biannual Workshop on Pastoral Risk Management., Egerton University

Sept 2009

Participated in a workshop on poster presentation and writing of an abstract, at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.

Nov. 2010

Participated in Proposal Writing Workshop (24th – 26th November) at Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya.

June 2012

Participated in training workshop on Implementation of an Environmental Management Systems according to ISO 14001.

March 2013

Participated in Inter-Ministerial and inter-University Forum for Enhancing Climate Change Capacities in Kenya

June 2013

Participated in a National Stakeholders forum on improved access to Safe water and agricultural yields using Japanese water purification Technologies.

Sept. 2013

Internal Audit training in Environmental management Systems (ISO 14001)

March 2015

Participated in 9th Egerton University International Conference.

March 2015

Participated in  Master of Research and Public Policy orientation workshop

September 2015

Self assessment of quality programmes workshop- Egerton University

December 2015

Presentation: “Environmental Stewardship”  in an international course on sustainable agriculture-Egerton University



Teaching National Disaster Management course to Military Officers


Supervision of Post-graduate students


Academic advising to students


Coordination of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) training, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, Kenya.


Conducting EMS internal audit, Egerton University



Internal Auditor, Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14001)-KEBS, Kenya


Committee member for the implementation of Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14001) Egerton University, Kenya


Member of Centre for Action and Applied Research for Development (U) Limited





Australian Govt


Selection of Msc students for Australian African Award Scholarships-Nairobi



Assessment of Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) in Marsabit, Meru and Kitui Counties, Kenya-

PUBLICATIONS (Refereed journals)


Millicent A. Mokua, Stanley M. Makindi, Moses Esilaba. 2014 The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Fisheries Management Systems in Kenya: The Case of Lake Victoria. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review Journal, Vol. 30 No. 2. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Esilaba, M.O., Obwoyere, G.O.O., Tangus, J.K. and Mokua, M.A. 2014. Resource use conflict resolution  and poverty alleviation among pastoral communities in Samburu, County, Kenya. Palgo journal of Education Research. 2: 108 – 115.


Mokua, M.A., Makindi, S.M. and Esilaba, M.O. 2014. Management of Fisheries Resources In Lake Victoria: An Assessment of Institutional Capacity in the Kenyan Fisheries Department. J. of Envt. And Nat. Res. Mgt and Soc. (JENRS) Vol. 2. Issue 1. Pp.91 – 99.


Rotich, B., Makindi, S.M. and Esilaba, M.O. 2014. Sengwer Community and their dependency on Kapolet Forest Resources of Cherangany Hills Kenya. J. of Envt. And Nat. Res. Mgt and Soc. (JENRS) Vol. 2. Issue 1. Pp. 81 – 90.


Tangus, J., Esilaba, M.O. and Mokua, M.A. 2014. Influence of Enterprise Diversification on Risk Management amongst Samburu Pastoralists of Kenya. J. of Bus. Man. & Admin. Res. (JBMA). Vol.2 (1): pp.1 – 6.


Esilaba, M.O., Maara, T.N. and J.K. Tangus. 2007. Impact of Human-Wildlife Conflict Resolution on Wildlife Conservation and Socio-economic Welfare of Pastoral Communities. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review Journal, Vol. XXIII, No.2 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Esilaba, M.O. 2005. Household Production and Risk Management among pastoral communities in Samburu District, Kenya. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review Journal, Vol. XXI No. 2. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Elizabeth Kiptoo1*, Moses Esilaba3, George Kobia1 and Raphael Ngure2. 2015. Factors influencing low immunization coverage among Children between 12-23 months in East Pokot, Baringo County, Kenya



Effect of wildlife on forage selection by cattle (Bos indicus Lichtenstein) in a semi-arid environment, Kenya. Lambert Academic Publishing, Heinrich-Bocking-Str. 6 – 8, 66121, Saarbrucken, Germany. (No. 978-3-659-61508-5).



Brian Rotich Kanyongi: M.Sc thesis entitled “Unsuitable Forest management and Forest Use Conflicts in Kapolet Forest, Cherangany Hills, Kenya”.


Dorothy Musimbi Evalia: M.Sc thesis entitled “Assessment of Socio-Economic and Physical Environmental Factors affecting the adoption of Zero Grazing Technology in Samia Sub-County, Kenya.


Elizabeth Kiptoo: Msc. Thesis entitled “Factors Influencing Low Immunization Coverage in East Pokot, Baringo County” Kenya


Kamundia, John: Msc. Thesis entitled Assessment of disaster preparedness ;A review case of Nyamira County Referral Hospital, Nyamira County, Kenya”.


Joel k. Bett: Msc. Thesis entitled “Assessment of solid waste management among households in Kaptembwa location in Nakuru west sub-county, Nakuru county”, Kenya



Mr. Klerkson Okomboli Lugusa. Thesis entitled “ Fodder Production as an Adaptation Strategy in the drylands: A case Study of Drylands of Baringo County in Kenya” 2015


Sustainable utilization of ASAL resources



Prof. A. A. Aboud: Department of Natural Resources, Egerton University,
Box 536, 20115, EGERTON, KENYA


Dr. S.M. Makindi: Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University,
Box 536, 20115, EGERTON, KENYA


Dr. M.A. Mokua: Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University,
Box 536, 20115, EGERTON, KENYA


Mr. Henry Kiprono Koech


Mr. Henry Kiprono Koech, MSc.
Assistant Lecturer
Department of Environmental Science
Faculty of Environment and Resources Development,
P. O. Box 536, 20115
Egerton, Kenya
Mobile: +254 -721 303764+254 -721 303764
Email: hkoech@egerton.ac.ke; koechhk@gmail.com






Ph.D. Environmental and Occupational Health

Egerton University, Kenya


M.Sc. Environmental Science

Egerton University, Kenya.


B.Sc. Natural Resource Management

Egerton University, Kenya


Kenya Certificate of Education (O Level)

Kapng’etuny Sec. School, Uasin-Gishu


Kenya Certificate of Primary Education

Seiyot Primary School, Uasin-Gishu



Title of Certificate/License

Institution Awarding

February 2015

Geographical Information System (GIS)

Egerton University

August 2011-Present

Environmental Impact Assessment & Audit Associate Expert

National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)

October-November 2011

Mainstreaming Climate Change in Development Planning

Development Reality Institute

Feb-Mar 2012

Designing Research Projects in the field

Tropical Biology Association (TBA)

June 2012

Environmental Management Systems -ISO: 14001-2004-Implementation

Kenya Bureau of Statistics (KEBS)

September 2013

Environmental Management Systems-ISO: 14001-2004-Internal Auditor Course

Kenya Bureau of Statistics (KEBS)


Environmental Health & Environmental Pollution and Management



Assistant lecturer, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University


Teaching Assistant, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University


Supervisor: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics- Population and Housing Census


BOG Teacher- Kamagut Secondary School



Koech, H.K, G.M.Ogendi and J. Kipkemboi 2014: Impact of Dagoreti Slaughter-house Effluents on Kavuthi Stream Water Quality, Nairobi, Kenya. 8TH Egerton University International Conference 26th -28th September, 2014



Atalitsa, C.N., Moturi, N.W., Mironga, J., Ogendi, G.M and Koech, H.K. 2015. Cultivation of Jatropha curcus L. for Energy Purposes in Kibwezi, Shimba Hills and Bondo, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research, 4 (9): 539-543


W.D. Karanja, G.M. Ogendi, S.T. Kariuki and H.K. Koech 2015: Assessment of Germination rates for Cyperus papyrus L. in Shore Soils of Lake Naivasha under Varying Chronosequence and Land Use. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic. Sciences, 4 (1): 1-6


Kilonzi, M.C. and Koech, H.K. 2015: Environmental Education (ENSC 100)-E-Learning Module, Egerton University, Kenya


C.M. Kilonzi, W.N. Moturi, G.M. Ogendi, H.K. Koech and J.K. Maina 2014: Spatio-temporal Variations in Physicochemical Parameters and Coliforms Levels of Domestic Water Sources in Njoro District, Kenya. Journal of Environment Natural Resources Management and Society, 2 (1): 11-23


Ogendi, G. M., G.M. Maina, J.W Mbuthia, H.K. Koech, C.M. Ratemo and J.C. Koskey 2014: Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediments and Cyprinus carpio fish species from Lake. Res J. Environ. Earth Sci., 6(8) 416-423


E.C. Koskei, R.C. Koskei, M.C. Koske and H.K. Koech 2013: Effects of Socio-economic Factors on Improved Access to Improved Water Sources and Basic Sanitation in Bomet Municipality, Kenya. Res J. Environ. Earth Sci., 5 (12): 714-719.


Water and Sanitation; Climate change and health; Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit; Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety.


Membership Category



Ecological Society of Eastern Africa

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Dr. Stanley M. Makindi

Stanley M. Makindi, Ph.D
Senior Lecturer, Department of Environmental Science
Faculty of Environment and Resource Development
Egerton University
P. O. Box 536-20115 Egerton, Kenya

Cell Phone: +254 (0) 722 228001/ +254 (0) 756 228001
Email: mankindsm@gmail.com/ smakindi@egerton.ac.ke






Ph.D. Environmental Science

University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.


Certificate in Sustainable Production and Utilization of Forestry and Agriculture Resources

University of the Ryukyus, Japan.


M.Sc. Natural Resources Management

Egerton University, Kenya.


B.Sc. Natural Resources Management

Egerton University, Kenya.


Environmental conservation and management


Human-Environment Interactions, Community Resource Conservation, Environmental Education, Environmental Assessments.


2015- Present

Senior Lecturer, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University.

2010- 2014

Lecturer, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University.


Assistant Lecturer, Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University.


Teaching Assistant, Department of Natural Resources, Egerton University.



Title of Certificate

Institution Awarding

May, 2014

Internal Quality Auditing Course based on ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management Systems (QMS)

Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS)

April, 2013

Service Delivery

Kenya Institute of Administration

April, 2011

E-Learning Capacity Building Course on Developing and Publishing of Digital Teaching and Learning Materials

Egerton University, Kenya

March, 2011

Communicating and Disseminating Research Results: Developing Research Capacity among African Environmental Scientists.

Tropical Biology Association (TBA)

Nov., 2010

Research Proposal Writing.

Egerton University, Kenya

November, 2007

Customer Service: South African Host

Tourism, Hospitality & Sport Education Training Authority (THETA), South Africa.

March, 2006

Pedagogy for University Lecturers

Egerton University, Kenya

December, 2004

Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit Course

Egerton University, Kenya.

24-25 May, 2004

Human Subjects Protections for Agro-Ecological Research

Egerton University, Kenya and Utah State University, USA

18 April-22 May, 2003.

Introductory Japanese Language course

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) at Okinawa International Centre, Japan

May/June, 1999.

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)

Egerton University, Kenya


Sept.-Nov. 2015

National consultant: The Assessment Framework on Community Based Forestry in Kenya. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

August-Dec, 2015

Lead Expert/ Consultant. Environmental Impact Assessment project report for Electric fence around Egerton University. Proponent: Egerton University

March 2015

Short Term Consultancy service to prepare module in Watershed Management, Erosion & Forestation (WMEF) and give lecture on the regional & national training for IGAD Inland Water Resources Management Programme, Ethiopia.

August 2014

Assessment of the spatial spread and perceptions on ecological and socio-economic impacts of invasive Prosopis juliflora in Tana River and Baringo counties. Proposal writing funded by Research division, Egerton University.


Human-Wildlife Conflicts: Causes and mitigation measures in Tsavo Conservation Area, Kenya. Funded by National Council for Science and Technology, Kenya


Communities Perceptions and Assessment of Biodiversity Conservation Strategies: The Case of Protected Areas in Kenya. Funded by United Nations University (UNU) through African Network for Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI).

April-July 2003

Sustainable production and utilisation of forestry resources in Japan. Funded by JICA.



Makindi S.M. (2016). Local communities, biodiversity conservation and ecotourism: a case study of Kimana Wildlife Sanctuary, Kenya. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure. SPECIAL EDITION Vol. 5(3) Article 24.


Rop K.R., Donde O.O., Muia A.W., Makindi S.M. (2016). Influence of Rainfall Intensity on Faecal Contamination in River Nyangores of Mara Basin, Kenya. An Eco-Health Integrity Perspective. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Science. Vol.18 (2):1-9.


Moso D.C., Ogendi G.M., Makindi S.M., Maina G.M. (2016). Rainfall Variability Effects on Pastoral Pasture Availability in Turkana Central Sub-County, Kenya. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports. 11(3):1-9.


Kimani E.W., Muchiri J. and Makindi S. (2015). Soiled Diapers Disposal Practices among Caregivers in Poor and Middle Income Urban Settings. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Vol. 5 (10), October 2015 Edition


Yaluk E.A., Makindi S.M. and Obwoyere G.O. (2015). Climate Variability and the Associated Impacts on Smallholder Agriculture in Senetwo Location, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research. Vol. 4 (8): 845-850


Chepsat F.K., Obara J. and Makindi S.M. (2015). Contribution of Microfinance Credit on Poverty reduction among the Agricultural Rural Women in Keiyo North District, Elgeyo-Marakwet County, Kenya. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development. Vol. 15, 2015.


Kwasira T.M., Makindi S. and Muchiri J. (2015). Impact of Community Health Strategy on Provision of Health Services Among Residents of Nakuru Central. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Vol. 5 (8), August 2015 Edition.


Gwako A.B., Makindi S.M. and Moturi W.N. (2015). Assessment of the Extent of Land Degradation in the River Loboi Watershed of Baringo County, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research. Vol. 4 (8): 839-844


Kigen C.K., Ochieno D.M.W., Muoma J.O., Shivoga W.A., Konje M., Onyando Z., Soi B.C., Makindi S.M., Kisoyan P.M., and Mironga J.M. (2014). Spatial Modeling of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) growing areas in Kenyan Arid and Semi-Arid Lands. In Zeinabu et al. (Eds) (2014). Sustainable Land Management in Dry Lands of Kenya: Improving Land Productivity through Participatory Research and Technology Transfer. Chapter 9: Pages 129-138. UNDP Nairobi, Kenya


Mokua A.M., Makindi S.M., and Esilaba M.O. (2014a). Management of Fisheries Resources in Lake Victoria: An Assessment of Institutional Capacity in the Kenyan Fisheries Department. Journal of Environment, Natural Resources Management and Society. Vol. 2 (1): 86-94


Rop K.R., Muia A.W., Makindi S. and Donde O.O. (2014). Changes in the densities of faecal and organic matter contaminants from upstream to downstream along Nyangores River of Mara Catchment, Kenya. Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources. Vol. 3 (1): 15-25.


Mokua A.M., Makindi S.M. and Esilaba M. (2014b). The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Fisheries Management systems in Kenya: The Case of Lake Victoria. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (EASSRR). Vol. 30 (2): 67-84


Makindi S.M., M.N. Mutinda, N.K.W. Olekaikai, W.L. Olelebo and A.A. Aboud (2014). Human-Wildlife Conflicts: Causes and Mitigation Measures in Tsavo Conservation Area, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research. Vol. 3 (6): 1025-1031


Kibet W.K., Makindi S. and Obwoyere O.G. (2014). An Analysis of Hotel Ratings and its Implication on Financial Turnover of Rated Hotels in Kenya. International Journal of Environment, Ecology, Family and Urban Studies. Vol. 4 (3): 7-18.


Kigen C., Okoth P., Konje M., Shivoga W., Ochiemo D., Wanjala S., Agevi H., Onyando Z., Soy B., Kisoyan P. and Makindi S. (2013). Modeling the Spatial Impact of Climate Change on Grevy’s Zebra (Equus grevyi) niche in Kenya. Elixir International Journal; Remote Sensing 62: 17608-17611.



Name of Conference/Workshop/Seminar



30th June, 2016

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Curriculum Validation Workshop. NEMA and WWF.

Sarova PanAfric Hotel, Nairobi Kenya


1st – 4th June, 2016

2nd National Conference on Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management in Agro-Pastoral Production Systems of Kenya Project Conference. UNDP.

Sentrim Hotel, Elementaita, Kenya


31st March-3rd April, 2016

10th Egerton University International Conference and Agriculture Summit.

Njoro, Kenya

Chairing session/
2 Papers

5th November, 2015

National Validation Workshop on Assessment Framework of Community Based Forestry and its Application in Kenya. UN-FAO.

KFS, Nairobi, Kenya


13th -14th August 2015

International Conference on Expanding Theoretical and Applied Roles of GIS in a Dynamic Global Environment. Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology.

MMUST, Kakamega, Kenya


22nd -27th March, 2015

Multi-functional Reservoir Operations in
Trans-boundary River Basins with a focus on the Omo River Basin- Watershed
Management, erosion and forestation. IGAD Inland Water Resources Management

Kaleb Hotel. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


26th August, 2013

Stakeholders Consultation Meeting on finalization of the Environment Management and Co-ordination (E-Waste Management) Regulations 2013. NEMA

KICC –Nairobi, Kenya


24th Feb – 1st March, 2013

Stakeholders Taskforce Retreat on finalization of the E-Waste Regulations. NEMA

Waterbuck Hotel, Nakuru, Kenya


11th -14th Feb 2013

Tunza International Youth Conference. UNEP

UNEP, Nairobi Kenya

Team Leader

22nd-23th October, 2012

3rd Lake Victoria Basin (LVBC) Regional Scientific Conference. “Harnessing Research for Sustainable Development of the Lake Victoria Basin”

Entebbe, Uganda


2nd August, 2012.

Stakeholders Consultation Forum on the Draft Asbestos Guidelines. NEMA

The Cooperative College of Kenya.


25th January, 2012

1st Stakeholders’ Sensitization Workshop on the Dryland Research Training and Ecotourism Centre

ARC Hotel, Njoro Kenya


29th -30th November, 2011

Awareness Creation on the National Environment Research Agenda. Organised by NEMA.

Utalii Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya


12th -16th June, 2011

Joint International Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC) and the Society for Conservation Biology (SCB-Africa Section) on Adaptability to Climate Change and Attaining the Millennium Development Goals for Tropical Ecosystems

Arusha, Tanzania.


3rd-6th May, 2011

The 4th NCST National Conference on Dissemination of Research Results and Exhibition of Innovations

KICC, Nairobi, Kenya.


22nd-24th September, 2010

The 5th Egerton University Annual Research Week and International Conference.

ARC Hotel, Njoro, Kenya.


22nd-23rd March, 2005

Dairy Goat Project-Community-Environmental Justice and Ethics Coalition Initiation Workshop.

ARC Hotel, Njoro, Kenya.


1st -2nd July, 1999

Research-Dissemination Seminar of the Research Project- “Impacts of Project Food Aid on Production and Nutrition”; by Clark Atlanta University and Egerton University

Chemeron Field Station, Marigat Kenya





2015- Present

External Examiner; School of Agriculture, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban South Africa.


Reviewer of Project Proposals Egerton University Njoro, Kenya; Research and Extension Division.

2010- Present

Panel member, Supervisor and Internal examiner for research proposals and thesis defense (oral examination) for Postgraduate students in the Faculty of Environment and Resources Development, Egerton University.


Membership Category

Organization/ Institution

Member- N0. 705

Environment Institute of Kenya (EIK)

Member- N0. 67536

Society for Conservation Biology (SCB)

Lead Expert-No. 2782

National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya


Masters Of Science In Dry Land Farming

RATIONALEArid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) make up to about 80% of the total land mass in Kenya. The ASALs are characterized by limited and unreliable rainfall, fragile soils and relatively high temperatures. Currently, the ASALs in Kenya are largely underutilized for economic benefit of the local communities and the country at large. It is against this background that a curriculum on Dryland Agriculture and Resources Management has been developed as a strategy for building on human capital to harness the available resources for economic benefit. The curriculum will produce graduates with relevant knowledge and skills to manage and conserve dryland ecosystems. In particular it will equip the graduates with skills to identify challenges and opportunities of ASAL system and innovatively harness resource utilization within sustainable community livelihoods and socio-cultural systems.The ASALs forms one of the national resources yet to be integrated in economic development. This has resulted in the regions inordinately low contribution to the national economy often characterized with high poverty indices and low food security. There is need for effective management of resources in the ASAls to stimulate economic growth and improve livelihoods while maintaining a healthy ecosystem. It is with this in mind that the, Kenya‘s vision 2030 emphasizes the importance of the arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) as an important component in the economic pillar. The Government plan in ―Strategy for Revitalization of Agriculture for 2004-2014‖ also recognizes the importance of agriculture in national growth and development and commits to expand agriculture production in ASALs through expanding irrigation. These can be realized by investing in a focused training of personnel capable of identifying opportunities and resources for utilization and development in the drylands. These personnel have to be skilled at integrated approaches that are not only effective but ecologically sustainable. The MSc curriculum in Dryland Farming is designed to address these needs. Programme ObjectivesThe programme aims at providing an in-depth theoretical and practical understanding of the subject matter and research skills in Dryland Agriculture. Upon successful completion of the training, the graduates will be expected to apply the knowledge and skills acquired to innovatively utilize and conserve resources, and improve livelihood in Drylands.Admission RequirementsThe common university rules and regulations for the Master's degree programmes specified in the Egerton University Statutes will be applicable. Admission shall be offered to holders of a first degree in Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Environmental Sciences, Natural Resources, and related disciplines, with a minimum of second class honours (upper division) or equivalent qualification from recognised institutions. In exceptional cases, University Senate may also admit to the masters programme, non-holders of upper second class honours degrees, provided such candidates can, on the basis of research and academic work the applicants have done, show that they are well qualified to undertake post graduate work by passing qualifying examinations.Course Structure and DurationThe programme consists of course work, examination and thesis. Candidates will qualify for the award of M.Sc degree in Dryland Farming by fulfilling the following requirements. Candidates are required to successfully complete at least 30 credit factors of their course work and in addition successfully complete 15 credit factors of a thesis to qualify for the award of the Masters degree.Candidates for M.Sc Dryland Farming degree shall be registered as full time students for a minimum of 18 months and a maximum of thirty six (36) months, and register for a minimum of nine (9) credit factors per semester. Candidates wishing to register as part-time students shall be registered for a maximum of forty eight (48) months out of which twelve (12) months must be in residence. The candidates must register for a minimum of six (6) credit factors per semester. In the coding, the acronym ―AGRO‖ refers to Agronomy. The first digit represents level of training which is 7 for Masters programme. The second digit refers to sub-disciplines within agronomy or crop science as follows:0: Foundation courses/Basic Principles1: Crop Physiology and Environment2: Crop Improvement and Biotechnology3: Crop Protection4: Seed Science and Technology5: Crop Management8: Interdisciplinary courses.9: Biometry and Experimentation, Research and Seminars.The third digit is a serial number for the various courses within the sub-disciplines.Examination RequirementsAll examination for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with the examination regulation as stipulated in the Egerton University statute XXIX.Grading systemThe grading of examination for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with Egerton University statute XXIX.Graduation requirementTo graduate, a student shall be required to take and pass ALL scheduled courses within the stipulated period.Degree classificationThe Master of Science in Dryland Farming degree programme is not classified.

Department of Environmental Science Staff List

  1. Dr. Makenzi Paul Mutua
  2. Dr. Nyaora Wilkister K.
  3. Dr. Ogendi George Morara
  4. Dr. Stanley Maingi Makindi
  5. Dr. Mokua Milicent Awino
  6. Dr. Esilaba Moses Otiali
  7. Mr. Kilonzi Cyrus Muthui
  8. Mr. Nyawanga Dishon O.
  9. Ms. Priscah Jelagat Rongoei
  10. Ms. Nduhiu Joyce Wanjiku
  11. Mr. Maina Geoffrey M.
  12. Ms. Caren Navalia
  13. Ms. Elizabeth Muoria
  14. Mr. Oscar Donde
  15. Mr. Henry Kiprono Koech
  16. Ms. Odera Caroline Awour
  17. Ms. Apondi M. Akinyi


Environmental Science

The Department of Environmental Science emphasizes a multidisciplinary approach in teaching, research and application of knowledge to understanding environmental issues that are of concern in the present world.  The knowledge and tools availed to students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels reflects convergence of disciplines and subjects including  Physical and Biological Sciences, Mathematics, Agriculture, Geography, Information Technology and economics among others.  This enhances analytical rigor and research and understanding of various issues of concern as regards the environment.  In the department, careful attention is paid to generation, adaptation and application of knowledge to the local community, the country and the broader East African Community.Professional certificate programmes offered include Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Disaster Management. These enhance the skills of those who have already completed their studies in various disciplines. The undergraduate programme in Environmental Science is designed to provide a broad-based education for undergraduate students who wish to study environmental issues related to resource use, protection and enhancement of environmental quality.  There are two postgraduate programmes at both Msc and PhD levels.  These include Environmental Science and Environmental and Occupational Health.  These programmes are geared towards producing professionals equipped with knowledge, awareness, understanding, skills and concern for the environment, so as to incorporate environmental considerations in all national development strategies and plans.  We have numerous outreach programmes through collaborations with numerous organizations and this has enhanced capacity building at community level in issues related with climate change and other contemporary issues related to environmental degradation.We encourage you to explore our website to learn more about our programs of study, research, publications and outreach services.